Last week AICTE high level team inspected Motihari , Gaya and Darbhanga based engineering colleges for approval . I hope it will have positive report and Bihar will have a few more engineering colleges like other states .
As per AICTE data as on 31.08.2007 India is having 1668 approved Degree Engineering Colleges in which only 6 are from Bihar . Highest Engineering colleges are in Andhra Pradesh ( 319) , TamilNadu ( 268 ) , Maharastra ( 186 ) , Karnatka ( 141 ) , Uttar Pradesh ( 136 ) , Madhya Pradesh ( 104 ) .
Karnatka have had policy regarding private participation in 1950s only which resulted today many of leading Engineering Colleges are from Karnatka with qualiy education and such colleges helped Karnatka / Bangalore in skilled man power supply . Even politicaly active states like Uttar Pradesh opened its door for private participation in Engineering education only in 1998 and in last 10 years its number grew from 6 to 136 . Uttar Pradesh district Gautam Budhda Nagar ( NOIDA & Greater NOIDA ) is having a dedicated Knowledge Parks which is having more than 100 professional degree colleges . While Engineering Colleges from TamilNadu and Andhra Pradesh have thousands of Vacant seats every year due to this regional imbalance .
Many of states government have a restricted policy in Combined Entrance Examination and admissions in such private engineering colleges so only 15 % seats left for other states , for example in Uttar Pradesh 85 % seats are reserved for domicile of UP using State Entrance Examination qualified while rest 15 % are of NRI / Management .
In Such case , Bihari Students faced tough problems they need to pay a heavy amount from backdoor and much cost to parents per month OR outflowing of money from Bihar to states like Karnatka / Maharastra and Western UP .
A few private initiated engineering colleges are in Bihar but they have very poor Infrastructure and no availability of qualified teachers , No supporting Industry . For example , Bangalore / Mysore , NOIDA / GHAZIABAD and HARYANA based engineering colleges have Industrial interaction and support .
Industry and Engineerings College both need help of each other so that many India fame professional colleges are from South Bihar ( Now Jharkhand ) like XLRI - Jamshedpur , BIT Mesra , BIT Sindri , NIT - Jamshedpur .
Even In Bihar , Last 2 years we have seen the announcement and opening of profesional degree colleges like Law School , Management School , IITs , Nalanda University etc but all of them are situated in radius of 60 KM from Patna which can be also a big problem as Bihar local regional imbalance .
Bihar Government aided Engineering colleges like BCE Bhagalpur and MIT Muzaffarpur lacks teaching staffs and other exposure to students so many of them are heavily dependent on GATE exam to get seats in other states / IITs as M.Tech courses while other state same merit students directly join IT big shot or apply for US universities .
Bihar Government must come with INDUSTRY as well as TECHNICAL INSTITUTES and its not so tough . It can mark a specific land in every district as Knowledge Park and one big IT park in state capital .
*Ranjan Kumar, Asst Professor, JSS Mahavidyapeetha,MYSORE - GHAZIABAD
Very good analysis by Prof. Ranjan. I am surprised to see the difference between AICTE recognized technical institutes in UP and Bihar. Whole bunch of Bihari students specially girls study outside Bihar i.e. iner parts of Karnataka and Maharashtra. If more institutes with good infrastructure will come up, these students can do better in better living conditions at home. Its very important that Private Public Participation (PPP) should be encouraged in Bihar. I am sure opening of IIT and BIT Mesra branches will motivate private players to open new technical institutes.